Or does social status cause physiological changes that adversely affect health over time? To study the relationship between social status and health in a more controlled setting, the researchers looked at immune function in macaques, a highly social primate species. Female macaques form linear, hierarchical groups, where higher-status monkeys spend more time grooming (a behavior that cements social bonds), whereas low-status monkeys are excluded from grooming, and experience more harassment and social isolation. In the wild, a macaque will enter the hierarchy right below her mother, but in captivity, the most recent addition to a group tends to have the lowest status. That gives us the chance to take individuals that don’t know each other, randomize where they end up in a status hierarchy, and then basically watch what happens, explains study co-author Jenny Tung of Duke. In the first part of the study, Tung and her colleagues organized 45 female macaques into nine equally sized social groups and observed them for a year. When they analyzed blood samples from the monkeys, they found that, compared with their low-status counterparts, the high-status animals had greater expression of genes that produce natural killer cells, which are responsible for containing viral infections. By contrast, blood samples from the low-status monkeys mounted a much stronger inflammatory response when confronted with a compound that mimics a bacterial attack. Overall, thousands of genes were expressed differently between high- and low-status monkeys. To investigate whether the difference in immune response was truly caused by social status, the researchers then reshuffled the macaques into new social groupsall the top-ranking monkeys were grouped together, as were the second-ranking monkeys, the third-ranking monkeys, and so on.link
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/whos-top-monkey-how-social-status-affects-immune-health/
Also, these oils help to reduce the cholesterol level. ✖ Processed food items may be delicious, but are very low on nutrition. The pancreas is a large, flat gland located just behind the stomach, placed adjacent to the duodenum upper part of the small intestine, in the upper abdomen. One can also acquire this infection if he/ she is in immediate contact with a person already having the infection. The medical term used for describing chest wall inflammation is costochondritis or Tietze’s Syndrome. It is important that you maintain a positive outlook as it will help you in speedy recovery. Honey can make it more effective and palatable. Further questions may include as to when the symptoms started showing, the duration of the pain, the frequency of diarrhoea, and the diet the patient is currently following. Cherry juice helps to lower the level of uric acid in the blood. In extreme cases, when the patients fail to respond to all these, a surgery is done to remove the inflamed cartilage.
But same-store sales were flat compared with the second quarter, and growth decelerated from the 8.7% clip posted in the year-ago period. Chief Financial Officer Lauren Peters said the company is “well on track” to meet its guidance for double-digital growth in earnings per-share. For the October quarter, Foot Locker reported a profit of $157 million, or $1.17 cents a share, up from $80 million, or 57 cents a share, in the year-prior quarter. A litigation charge in the year-ago period dented earnings. Excluding items in the period, such as tax deductions, the company earned $1.13 a share, up from $1 a year ago. Analysts, polled by Thomson Reuters, expected $1.10 a share. Revenue increased 5.1% to $1.89 billion, meeting projections. During the quarter, Foot Locker opened 21 new stores and closed 28 others, ending the period with 3,394 stores in 23 countries. right foot bunion surgeryWrite to Joshua Jamerson at email@example.com (END) Dow Jones Newswires 11-18-160835ET Copyright (c) 2016 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Interactive Charts Default Setting Please note that once you make your selection, it will apply to all future visits to NASDAQ.com. If, at any time, you are interested in reverting to our default settings, please select Default Setting above.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.nasdaq.com/article/foot-locker-profit-improves-sales-rise-20161118-00293